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The Psychology Behind Self Esteem: Definition and Importance

The Psychology Behind Self Esteem: Definition and Importance

Self esteem is a comprehensive concept that defines an individual’s overall evaluation of their worth. It’s an emotional evaluation that involves a person’s perception of their competence, their attractiveness, and their overall value in society. In simpler terms, self esteem refers to how we define ourselves both emotionally and logically.

The Definition of Self Esteem in Psychology

In psychology, self esteem is defined as the positive or negative evaluation that an individual has of themselves. It is an essential component in emotional wellbeing and is influenced by various factors such as experiences, upbringing, culture, and relationships.

Self esteem can be broken down into two components: self-worth and self-confidence. Self-worth refers to the value we attribute to ourselves, while self-confidence refers to our belief in our abilities to succeed. Both of these components play important roles in the development and maintenance of our self esteem.

Self esteem can be classified as either high or low depending on an individual’s assessment of themselves. High self esteem indicates that an individual feels good about themselves and their abilities, while low self esteem reflects a negative evaluation of oneself.

The Importance of Self Esteem

Self esteem plays an important role in our daily lives. It affects the way we relate to ourselves and others, our emotional and physical wellbeing, and our ability to achieve goals and succeed in life.

Individuals with high self esteem tend to be more optimistic, social, and confident. They take on challenges and believe in their abilities to succeed. On the other hand, those with low self esteem tend to be more critical of themselves, shy, and afraid to take risks.

Low self esteem can lead to mental health issues such as anxiety and depression, as well as behavioral issues such as substance abuse and social isolation. For these reasons, it’s important to recognize the importance of self esteem and work to improve it.

Improving Self Esteem

Improving self esteem is a gradual process that requires effort and dedication. It involves changing negative thought patterns and beliefs, creating positive self-talk and self-affirmations, and building self-confidence through achievements.

Therapy is an effective tool for improving self esteem. Talking to a professional can help individuals uncover the root causes of their low self esteem and develop strategies to improve it. Mindfulness practices such as meditation and yoga are also effective tools for improving self awareness and self esteem.

Another way to improve self esteem is through positive affirmations and visualization. Visualization involves imagining yourself in different situations and succeeding, while positive affirmations involve repeating positive phrases to yourself on a daily basis.


Self-esteem is a critical component of our emotional and mental wellbeing. It’s an evaluation of our overall worth and value as individuals. Improving self-esteem is a gradual process that requires patience and dedication, but the benefits are immeasurable. High self-esteem leads to positive emotional and physical health, success, and happiness. Therefore, it’s important to take steps towards improving our self esteem in order to lead a fulfilling and positive life.